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What are the different types of jewelry?

types de bijoux

Welcome to the world of jewelry, a place where personal style meets timeless elegance. Traveling through history, across civilizations and cultures, we have always been fascinated by precious objects that add value and beauty to our appearance.

Whether simple ornaments or real adornments, jewelry has a special place in our daily lives. In this article, we'll explore the different types of jewelry and how they can complement and unify your style.

Jewelry Classification: Types and Categories

The world of jewelry is vast and varied. It can be classified into many types, each offering a unique charm.

Depending on the material

The materials used in jewelry have evolved over the centuries, from precious metals and gemstones to pearls and costume jewelry.

Precious metals: Gold, silver, platinum

Precious metals form the basis of many jewelry pieces. Gold, with its radiant shine, is highly prized. Available in yellow, white and pink, it meets the most diverse tastes. Silver, with its cool and elegant appearance, is loved by many for its affordability and versatility. Platinum, rarer than gold and silver, is valued for its durability and subtle sophistication. Each metal brings a unique charm that enhances the design of the room.

Precious stones: Diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds

Precious stones, treasures of nature, give color and shine to jewelry. Diamonds, the hardest gemstone, are revered for their brilliant shine and are popular in engagement rings. Rubies, with their fiery red hue, symbolize passion and are said to bring good luck. Sapphires, which come in a range of colors, but most commonly blue, exude regal elegance. Emeralds, an intense green, are often associated with fertility and rebirth. Each gemstone brings a unique character and charm to the jewelry.

Pearls: A classic choice

Pearls, with their shiny, ethereal beauty, have been adored for centuries. Whether cultured or natural, pearls add a classic, feminine charm to any jewelry. Their timeless appeal makes them a versatile choice, suitable for all occasions.

Costume jewelry: Style at a low price

Costume jewelry, made from affordable materials, allows you to experiment with trends in a bold way without having to spend a lot of money. Often made of imitation precious stones and plated metals, costume jewelry allows you to wear statement pieces that echo the appearance of their more expensive counterparts.

Depending on the location of the body

Jewelry highlights the part of the body it adorns. Whether it's necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings or body jewelry, each adds a distinct touch of glamour.

Necklaces: a ceremonial piece

Necklaces are statement pieces that draw attention to the neckline. They come in different lengths and styles, from choker necklaces that wrap around the neck to opera necklaces that hang dramatically across the chest. Pendant necklaces feature a hanging center piece that can be a gemstone or charm, while long necklaces feature embellishments at regular intervals along the chain. Finally, lariats or waterfall necklaces, the longest of all, are often worn draped multiple times around the neck or hung down the back for a dramatic effect. Each style of necklace can redefine an outfit, making it a versatile accessory in any wardrobe.

Just like jewelry, there are many types of necklaces and pendants.

Bracelets: candy for the wrist

Bracelets embellish wrists and add charm to gestures. The styles are endless: from cuff bracelets that cinch on the wrist to charm bracelets that clink with every movement, each one has a unique look. Bracelets, stacked or worn individually, are a classic choice, while friendship bracelets celebrate the bonds between friends. Tennis bracelets, which feature a symmetrical line of gemstones, are elegant, while slap bracelets, popular among young people, offer a fun and whimsical option.

Just like jewelry, there are many types of bracelets.

Rings: a sign of commitment

Rings are accessories rich in meaning. The tradition of engagement rings, especially those adorned with diamonds, is well known: it is a promise of love and commitment. Wedding rings, often simpler, but no less important, symbolize the eternal bond of marriage. In addition, rings also express personal style. Cocktail rings can be bold and statement, while stackable rings offer a more subtle appeal and allow items to be matched together. Thumb rings and toe rings have also found their place in various cultures and fashion trends.

Just like jewelry, there are many types of rings.

Earrings: frame the face

Earrings highlight facial features, drawing attention to the eyes and smile of the wearer. They range from discreet stud earrings, which sit neatly on the earlobe, to spectacular chandelier earrings that sparkle with every movement. The earrings, in various sizes, have a timeless appeal, while the dangling earrings hang below the earlobe, in varying lengths and designs. Finally, ear cuffs and climber earrings follow the curve of the ear, giving them a modern, bold look.

Just like jewelry, there are many types of earrings.

Body jewelry: beyond the traditional

Body jewelry pushes the boundaries of traditional adornment by highlighting other parts of the body. Belly rings adorn the navel, nose and septum rings beautify the face, while anklets and toe rings draw attention to the feet. Other unconventional jewelry includes eyebrow rings, tongue rings, and even dermal piercings, reflecting a bold and unique sense of style.

Special types of jewelry

There are also particular types of jewelry that have a specific meaning or function.

Engagement and wedding jewelry: symbols of love

Engagement and wedding jewelry hold a special place in the jewelry world. The engagement ring, often adorned with a magnificent diamond, is the symbol of a promise of marriage. The wedding ring, generally more discreet but no less important, is the emblem of eternal love and commitment. The exchange of these rings is an ancient tradition that binds two people in love.

Birthstone jewelry: a personal touch

Birthstone jewelry adds a personal touch to the ensemble. Each month of the year corresponds to a particular gemstone, such as garnet for the month of January or sapphire for the month of September. Wearing your birthstone, or that of a loved one, adds a meaningful and personalized element to your jewelry.

Religious and symbolic jewelry: expressions of faith

Religious and symbolic jewelry is used to express faith and beliefs. They include pieces like cross necklaces, Star of David pendants, prayer beads, and even charm bracelets adorned with spiritual symbols. For many, these jewelry offer a sense of comfort and moral guidance.

Antique and family jewelry: links with the past

Antique jewelry is tangible links to the past. Often passed down from generation to generation, they carry stories and memories. They range from Victorian-era brooches to Art Deco engagement rings, with each piece unique and steeped in history.

Luxury and designer jewelry: haute couture accessories

Luxury and designer jewelry, from the workshops of brands such as Tiffany & Co, Cartier or Bulgari, embody haute couture. These meticulously crafted pieces offer a blend of trendy design and timeless elegance. Wearing designer jewelry is as much a status symbol as it is an appreciation of quality craftsmanship.

Animal-themed jewelry: a tribute to the charm of nature

Animal-themed jewelry, with designs inspired by creatures such as butterflies and snakes, pays beautiful homage to nature. These jewelry often symbolize the characteristics associated with the animals they represent.

Butterfly jewelry, for example, symbolizes transformation, given the butterfly's journey from caterpillar to winged beauty. Butterfly jewelry, whether it's pendants on necklaces, charms on bracelets, or designs on earrings, adds a whimsical, feminine touch to any outfit. The intricate designs, often adorned with colorful gemstones, reflect the vibrant patterns of butterfly wings, recalling the creativity of nature.

Snake-shaped jewelry, on the other hand, is imbued with mystery and power. Snakes have symbolic meanings in various cultures, from rebirth and transformation to fertility and even eternity. Snake rings, which often wrap around the finger, have become very popular, as have necklaces and bracelets shaped like snake pendants. The serpent's sinuous and flexible shape lends itself well to jewelry design, resulting in striking and captivating pieces.

Including animal-themed jewelry in one's collection can be a nod to nature, an expression of personal symbolism or simply a love for these fascinating creatures. The variety of designs available makes it a versatile addition to any jewelry wardrobe.


We explored different materials, from gold to gemstones to pearls and even costume jewelry. We have reviewed various types of jewelry for every body part with necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings, etc. We also explored special categories of jewelry that carry symbols of love, personal events, faith and connections to the past.

Remember that the world of jewelry is as limitless as your imagination. We encourage you to explore, experiment and, above all, express yourself. Jewelry is a personal journey, where each piece you choose adds a spark to your story.

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